Costa Rica dental history is probably comming from the Mayans, who lived in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, the Mexican states of Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo and Tabasco, in addition to some parts of Central America from around 250 CE to 900 CE. Also the Incas and the Aztecs took the Mayan methods for the reconstruction of dental pieces.
For the Maya, their teeth and smile were of great importance and denoted social status and beauty.
It is believed that his dental practices had a religious and social character, but above all aesthetic and his technology was remarkable by observing the preparation of the dental cavity of the pieces to be treated.
Inlays of jade and turquoise made in Mayan’s teeth, tell that que ortodoncy began many years before Jesus Christ.
The cavity was made with a rudimentary drill, used quartz as an abrasive for its hardness. The incrustation could be of jade, amethyst, hematite, turquoise, quartz, cinnabar and iron pyrite. Finally, the incrustation was fixed with a perfect fit to the cavity by means of a calcium phosphate cement.
First dental steps.
The science of dentistry exist since ancient times, there were experts in dental problems, especially in the extraction of teeth, whose pathologies have affected humanity since its inception.
Until that moment the mouth was not very importan to take care. In fact the normal care was to rub the teeth daily with a rag, but if the pain appeared and the potions did not calm it, the solution was to extract the problematic part.
Dental extraction before the consolidation of dentistry was a form of public entertainment, as were executions. Of this one of the most well-known characters in Paris in the 18th century was Le gran Thomas.
The beginnings of ortodoncy
Dentistry began in 300 BC with Egyptian doctors who embedded precious stones in their teeth and three centuries later in China, acupuncture was used to treat the pain associated with tooth decay. And what about the Ancient Rome where oral care was always very important. But dentists as we know them today appeared in eighteenth-century France.
Between 800 and 2500 BC, the Etruscans and Phoenicians used gold bands and wires for the construction of dental prostheses. In the bands, extracted teeth were placed in the place of missing teeth and with the wires were retained in the mouth.
In 700 BC the Etruscans were the first to use material for implants, such as ivory and sea shells.
The Mayans used inlays of gold, precious stones or minerals for the restoration of dental pieces not only for aesthetics but also for ornamentation.
It was until the nineteenth century with the intervention of the principles of the amalgam was when he began to have scientific basis on the materials mainly emerged information about porcelain and gold.
Costa Rica Dental
It was not until the nineteenth century with the intervention of the principles of amalgam that Costa Rica dental began to have a scientific basis on the materials, mainly information about porcelain and gold.
In 1895 the Faculty of Medicine, Surgery and Pharmacy was created, to which the dental surgeons of the time were assigned.
To avoid mistakes, the Faculty of Dental Surgery in Costa Rica created in 1915 changes its name, and will be called from 1941 as College of Dental Surgeons.
The following year, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund was founded and Dr. Mateo Fournier Quirós was named as the first dentist to work with that institution.
In 1990 the 75th Anniversary of the College of Dental Surgeons was celebrated and the Recreational Center of the College was purchased.
For the year 1900, throughout the Republic of Costa Rica there are twelve dentists established in the capital and one in the province of Alajuela.
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