The family oral education
The Family Manual for Oral Health of the Directorate of Development of Health Services of the Costa Rican Social Security Fund is a basic guide for the community, trained volunteers, technicians and professionals, to take oral health education as part of the approach to the family nuclei.
The World Health Organization states: “Health is a fact that is determined by the effective functioning of the family as a biosocial unit in the context of a given society” This aspect is applicable in oral health education actions that they must begin in the families that constitute the central axis of the social nucleus of society.
The process of education for oral health should be given before birth in the family to build the foundations of the future; it is there where healthy societies are built. The family oral education is not only directed to prevent cavities and other oral diseases, but to generate healthy habits and lifestyles, reinforce the principles of each family and promote healthy family relationships.
It is necessary to work in a process of sensitization of the family scenario to involve all members, assigning responsibilities to each person within the family scheme to promote basic habits for good health such as healthy eating, hygiene, harmonious intrafamilial relationships, periodic dental consultation and environments healthy protected from harmful customs.
Oral health origin.
Oral health has its origin from pregnancy, with good physical and mental health of the mother and the care of pregnancy. The child requires careful attention from the first days of his birth being breastfeeding essential for growth and development.
Approximately six months of age, the eruption of the deciduous teeth begins, a period that can last up to three years. In some children there may be various discomforts such as irritability, inflammation, loss of appetite, sleep disturbances, among others, which must be monitored.
Parents or caregivers must provide special attention from the first days to teach correct habits of food, hygiene and tooth brushing. From three years on, a stage of greater socialization and autonomy begins, generally they attend maternity centers and educational centers, being these places suitable to reinforce habits of healthy eating and oral hygiene correct. The motto that should be taught to children from small is: “The teeth come out healthy and must remain healthy.
Oral health for adolescents.
The boy and girl at school and then in adolescence to ensure healthy teeth in the adult stage, must maintain good oral habits. In these periods, changes in height, weight, texture continue, the increase in psychomotor skills and abilities being relevant; psychological changes arise and social interaction increases, aspects that can be influenced by the adoption of harmful habits that affect their integral health with harmful repercussions in the oral condition.
Oral health in the adult stage.
In the adult stage, self-care practices must continue, applying the correct techniques of oral hygiene, strengthening healthy lifestyles with nutritious food, exercises that preserve physical health and striving to build a harmonious intrafamilial life that protects the adoption of harmful customs that affect the members of the family nucleus.
Older adults form an important collective; An important group will require support for causes or conditions of physical, mental or economic dependence. In this age, they generate changes in their oral structures so it is necessary to spare no effort in monitoring their hygiene habits. In this stage there is a high percentage of people who use dental prostheses that require special attention for their hygiene and daily use, due to functional and psychomotor restrictions of age.
As expressed in this manual: “The role of parents, grandparents, brothers, caregivers and repeated contact, are the main tools available to the family for education and based on them they will act and promote learning in the school, in the community and in the different programs carried out in the health centers “.